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09997

GAYRARD (father), Raymond

Rodez, Aveyron 1777 - Paris 1858

Epidémie de Barcelone de 1821

Barcelone Epidemy of 1821

1821 model, old copy

lead

medal and plaquette

Dimensions (HxWxD): D. 1 78 in.

Acc. No.: 1974.171

Credit Line: Gift of Vernon and Sandra Hall

Photo credit: ph. courtesy Chazen Museum of Art, Madison

© Artist:


Provenance

  • 1974, Gift of Vernon and Sandra Hall

Bibliography

  • Museum's website, October 28, 2015
  • 1978 Hall
    Vernon Hall, Catalogue of the Vernon Hall Collection of European Medals, Madison, Elvehjem Museum of Art, 1978, no. 214

Related works

  • Another copy, ND6093, at Musée Carnavalet, Paris; inscriptions: obverse around edge: "PIETAS - GALLICA"; obverse in exergue: "SAEVIENTE IN BARCINONAM / PESTILENTIA / MDCCCXXI"; reverse around edge: "MORTE. VENALEM. PETIERE. PALMAM."; reverse background: "V. VIRI. MEDICI / QVORVM. PRIMVS. OCCVBVIT. / MAZET. / PARISET. / BALLY. / FRANÇOIS. / AUDOUARD. / SANCTI.-MONIALES. II. / SANCTO. CAMILLO. DEVOTAE. / LVDOVICI. XVIII. REGNI / ANN. XXVIII.". Signature, obverse around edge: "GAYRARD INV.". See description on French version of this website.

Comment

  • See C. Chastel, Laboratoire de virologie, Faculté de médecine, Brest, "La "peste" de Barcelone. Epidémie de fièvre jaune de 1821" (http://www.pathexo.fr/documents/articles-bull/T92-5b-1963-PLS3.pdf, accessed December 19, 2016):
    The outbreak of yellow fever that struck Barcelona in 1821 followed a typical pattern for the times: a brick from Cuba introduced the disease in the port docks; the epidemic first reached the poor suburbs, and finally the center of the city. It was assumed that at least 20,000 inhabitants died from the scourge, that is a sixth of the total population of the city estimated 120,000. French authorities promptly took emergency measures at land and maritime borders by locking French ports to Catalan vessels and defining a quarantine line along the Pyrenean border controlled by an army 15,000 strong. French medical team including six physicians and two nuns was sent to Barcelona to provide assistance. Long after the epidemic had receded, the Pyrenean quarantine line was maintained by the French authorities for a hidden political purpose: Paris wished to contain Spanish Liberalism, a “revolutionary pest”. French troops engaged in the so-called quarantine line were used in 1823 for invading the Spanish kingdom, while French physicians returning to Paris were celebrated as heroes and benefactors of the mankind although they had not provided any serious contribution to the therapeutics or the epidemiology of yellow fever. They were glorified in publications of the time without reserve. This unexpected manifestation of nationalism was welcomed and encouraged by the government of Louis XVIII who felt himself threatened by the liberal opposition.