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LIPCHITZ, Ossip/Jacques

Druskieniki, Lithuania 1891 - Capri, Italy 1973

Maker: Modern Art Foundry, New York

L'Esprit d'entreprise

The Spirit of Enterprise

1950-1960

bronze on granite base

group

Dimensions (HxWxD): 125 x 178 in.

Photo credit: ph Wikimedia/Smallbones, 2012


Provenance

  • 1950, Commissioned
  • 1960, Installed in the Ellen Phillips Samuel Memorial's North Terrace, dedicated in October
  • 1986, Moved to the Central Terrace

Bibliography

  • Smithsonian Institution/SOS! website, August 17, 2015
  • 1974 Fairmount Park Art Association
    Fairmount Park Art Assoc., "Sculpture of a City: Philadelphia's Treasures in Bronze & Stone," NY: Walker Publ., 1974, p. 220-257
  • 1985 University of Delaware
    Index of American Sculpture, University of Delaware, 1985
  • 1992 Bach
    Bach, Penny Balkin, "Public Art in Philadelphia," Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1992, p. 223
  • 1993 SOS!
    Save Outdoor Sculpture, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia survey, 1993