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LIPCHITZ, Ossip/Jacques

Druskieniki, Lithuania 1891 - Capri, Italy 1973

Maker: Rudier, Georges

La baigneuse

The Bather

1923-1925

bronze, edition of 7, cast no. 1

statue

Dimensions (HxWxD): 78 18 x 31 18 x 27 34 in.

right side pedestal: J Lipchitz
foundry mark on base at back: Georges Rudier Fondeur, Paris

Acc. No.: 1967.20

Credit Line: Dallas Museum of Art, gift of Mr. and Mrs. Algur H. Meadows and the Meadows Foundation Incorporated

Photo credit: Tom Jenkins/Image courtesy Dallas Museum of Art


Provenance

  • 1967, the artist
  • 1967, New York, Marlborough-Gerson Galleries (intermediary between the artist and the DMA)
  • 1967, Dallas, Mr. and Mrs. Algur H. Meadows
  • 1967, Dallas Museum of Art, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Algur H. Meadows and the Meadows Foundation Incorporated

Bibliography

  • Museum's website, 7 May 2010
  • 1979 Bromberg
    Anne Bromberg, A Guide to the Collections. Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas, 1979, p. 113-114 n. 144, repr.
  • 1983 Bromberg
    Anne R. Bromberg, Dallas Museum of Art. Selected Works, Dallas, The Dallas Museum of Art, 1983, p. 137 n. 140, repr.
  • 1996 Wilkinson
    Alan G. Wilkinson, The Sculpture of Jacques Lipchitz, A Catalogue raisonné, Vol. 1, The Paris Years 1910-1940, London, Thames & Hudson, 1996, p. 68 no. 169, 178, 219
  • 1997 Dallas
    Dallas Museum of Art. A Guide to the Collection, Seattle, Marquand Books, 1997, p. 129, repr.

Exhibitions

  • 1967 Dallas
    Dallas Private Collections, Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, July 15-September 3, 1967

    1974 Fort Worth
    Twentieth Century Art from Fort Worth and Dallas Collections, Fort Worth, Fort Worth Art Museum, September 8-October 15, 1974

    1978 Dallas
    Dallas Collects: Impressionist and Early Modern Masters, An Exhibition Celebrating the Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas, Dallas Museum of Fine Ats, January 24-February 26, 1978, no. 115

    1997 Madrid/Valencia
    Jacques Lipchitz, Madrid, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, May 20-September 9, 1997; Valencia, Instituto Valenciano de Arte Moderno, September 18-November 30, 1997, p. 104-105

Related works

  • See 1996 Wilkinson:
    Other bronze copies:
    - Cambridge, MA, MIT List Visual Art Center
    - Ithaca, NY, Cornell University, Herbert F. Johnston Museum of Art
    - Lincoln, Nebraska, Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, Rudier, 2/7
    - Los Angeles, UCLA, Wight Art Gallery
    - Pasadena, CA, Norton Simon Museum
    - St. Louis, St. Louis Art Museum, no foundry mark

Comment

  • Museum's website, 7 May 2010:
    Lipchitz's "Bather" combines cubist-inspired stylization and abstraction with a nod to the French classicist figural tradition that extends even to the choice of material and technique - cast bronze. The massive limbs of this figure are comparable to the geometricized and fragmented body parts in Fernand Léger's monumental odalisques. [see Dallas Museum of Art, 1982.27.FA] "The Bather" can also be situated close to Pablo Picasso's classically inspired and equally massive bathers executed in 1922. An assemblage of distinct and reductive elements, this sculpture is an interplay of concave and convex forms. The relative readability of a few important details reveals its identity as a human figure: the small round "eye," for instance, helps to articulate the face; the gentle slope of an almost horizontal line suggests a shoulder; and a slight bend in the profile of the legs connotes knees. The manner in which the legs are truncated by the bronze base suggests, uncannily, that the figure is wading through water, even holding up skirts above an aqueous surface. The artist achieves a delicate balance, then, between descriptive details and broader abstract forms. "Dallas Museum of Art: A Guide to the Collection," page 129