French Sculpture Census

crédits photo : Courtesy National Gallery of Art, Washington
© artiste : public domain

LEMOYNE, Jean-Louis
Paris 1665 - Paris 1755

Compagne de Diane
A Companion of Diana

1724
marbre

statue
182,5 x 76,5 x 57,8
sur le piédestal, à droite : j.L. LEMOYNE. PARiSiNVS. FECIT. / 1724

N° d'inv. : 1942.9.133
Credit Line : Widener Collection

Washington, D.C., District of Columbia, The National Gallery of Art

www.nga.gov

Historique

  • jusqu'à la fin du XIXe siècle, près de Paris, Château de la Muette
  • vendu à Wildenstein & Co., Inc., Paris, New York et Londres
  • Paris, Rodolphe Kann (mort en 1905)
  • acquis par Duveen Brothers, Inc., Londres, New York et Paris
  • 1908, 20 novembre, vendu à Peter A.B. Widener, Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania
  • par descendance à Peter A.B. Widener par don à Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania
  • 1942, don à la National Gallery of Art, Washington

Bibliographie

  • Museum's website, 22 July 2011
  • 1873 Larousse
    Pierre Larousse, La grand dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle vol. 10, Paris, 1873, p. 356
  • 1923 Réau
    Louis Réau, "Etudes sur la sculpture du XVIIIe siècle: Jean-Louis Lemoyne (1665-1755)", La revue de l'art ancien et moderne 43, 1923, p. 183-196, repr.
  • 1927 Réau
    Louis Réau, Une dynastie de sculpteurs au XVIIe siècle: Les Lemoyne, Paris, 1927, p. 15-17, p. 30, p. 34, repr. n. 17
  • 1932 Réau
    Louis Réau, "Les compagnes de Diane", Gazette des beaux-arts 8, 1932, p. 136-154
  • 1948 NGA Washington
    Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1948 (reprinted 1959), p. 132, repr., as Diana
  • 1948 Swarzenski
    Hanns Swarzenski, "Washington: Neuerwerbungen der Skulpturen Abteilung der National Gallery of Art", Pheobus 2, 1948, p. 38-42
  • 1949 Seymour
    Charles Seymour, Masterpieces of Sculpture from the National Gallery of Art, Washington and New York, 1949, p. 182-183, note 50, repr. p. 154-157, as Diana
  • 1965 NGA Washington
    Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965, p. 160, as Diana
  • 1968 NGA Washington
    European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968, p. 142, repr., as Diana
  • 1968 Raggio
    Olga Raggio, "The Metropolitain Marbles", Art News 67, p. 46,48,49
  • 1972 Kalnein, Levey
    Wend G. Kalnein, and Michael Levey. Art and Architecture of the Eighteenth Century in France. Harmondsworth, 1972, p. 48-49
  • 1973 Beaulieu
    Michèle Beaulieu, "La Diane d'Anselme Flamen et ses compagnes", La Revue du Louvre 23, 1973, p. 83-88
  • 1979 Hodgkinson
    Terence Hodgkinson, "Companions of Diana at Cliveden", National Trust Studies, 1979, p. 90-98
  • 1980 Rosasco
    Betsy Jean Rosasco, "Notes on Two Gabriel de Saint-Aubin Drawings and the Statues They Depict", Studies in the History of Art 8, 1980, p. 55-57, repr.
  • 1981 Seinkewicz
    Thomas J. Seinkewicz, Classical Gods and Heroes in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1981, p. 36, repr.
  • 1984 Walker
    John Walker, National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984, p. 643, n. 1010, repr.
  • 1992 NGA Washington
    National Gallery of Art, Washington. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992, p. 301, repr.
  • 1994 NGA Washington
    Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994, p. 133, repr.
  • 2004 Gopnik
    Blake Gopnik, "A Very Full Week at the National Gallery, Five Full Days of Permanent Pleasure", The Washington Post, 27 December 2004, C1, C2, repr.
  • 2008 Luchs
    Alison Luchs, "A Marble Hunting Party: The Companions of Diana for Marly." Studies in the History of Art, Symposium Papers: Collecting Sculpture in Early Modern Europe, 70, 2008, p. 323-341, fig. 1, figs. 2-4 (details)

Oeuvres en rapport

Simon Mazière, Compagne de Diane, marbre, Paris, musée du Louvre.
Jean-Batiste Théodon et François-Benoît Massou, Compagne de Diane ou Atalante, marbre, collection particulière.
Dessins à la plume par Claude Poirier, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France.
Victor Oskar Tilgner, Vénus, marbre, 1896, Christie, Manson & Woods Ldt., 25 septembre 1991.

Commentaire



Museum's website, 22 July 2011:
A few of the National Gallery's sculptures were conceived for display outdoors; one of the finest such works is this Companion of Diana. Louis XIV commissioned at least ten sculptured Companions of Diana for the grounds of his beloved Château de Marly, between Paris and Versailles. After his death in 1715, his successor Louis XV installed some of the completed statues in the forests of La Muette, another hunting retreat.
In classical mythology Diana was goddess of the moon and of the hunt. Her woodland companions were nymphs like this one, appropriate denizens for a royal hunting preserve. Lemoyne's Companion, supple and long-limbed, moving with effortless grace and joy, epitomizes the rococo ideal of beauty.
With a dancing step, the girl seems barely to touch the ground as she lifts the leash to signal the beginning of the chase. In amusement and affection she smiles down at her hound and, incidentally at the viewer, who would have seen her on a high pedestal.