French Sculpture Census

crédits photo : Courtesy National Gallery of Art, Washington
© artiste : public domain

FALCONET, Etienne-Maurice
Paris 1716 - Paris 1791

Madame de Pompadour en Vénus aux colombes
Madame de Pompadour as the Venus of the Doves

après 1755-1757
marbre

statuette
75.1 x 71.3 x 45.7 ; poids : 168.738 kg

N° d'inv. : 1952.5.101
Credit Line : Samuel H. Kress Collection

Washington, D.C., District of Columbia, The National Gallery of Art

www.nga.gov

Historique

  • Paris, Madame de Pompadour
  • Comte de Parabère
  • Comte de Lamoignon
  • Comte Trudaine de Montigny
  • M. de Périgny
  • 6-7 avril 1841, Paris, vente, n° 119, comme de Bouchardon.
  • Paris, Duc de Cambacerès
  • New York, Wildenstein & Co.
  • 1946, New York, acquis par la Fondation Samuel H. Kress
  • 1952, don à la National Gallery of Art, Washington

Bibliographie

  • Museum's website, 21 July 2011
  • 1894 Valabrègue
    Antony Valabrègue, "Madame Falconet: Une artiste française en Russie", La vie contemporaine 3, 1894, p. 326-344
  • 1898 Vitry
    Paul Vitry, "Deux statuettes françaises du sculpteur Pfaff (XVIIe siecle) au chateau de Monbijou, a Berlin", La revue de l'Art ancien et moderne 3, 1898, p. 155-162
  • 1923 Réau
    Louis Réau, "Une femme-sculpteur française au XVIIe siècle: Marie-Anne Collot (Madame Falconet)", L'Art et les artists 6, 1923, p. 165-171
  • 1931 Réau
    Louis Réau, "Les bustes de Marie-Anne Collot." La Renaissance 14, 1931, p. 306-312
  • 1951 NGA Washington
    Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation 1945-1951. Introduction by John Walker, text by William E. Suida, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1951, p. 254, n. 114, repr., as Madame de Pompadour as the Venus of the Doves.
  • 1957 Shapley
    Fern Rusk Shapley, Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, London, 1957 (reprinted 1959), pl. 48
  • 1959 NGA Washington
    Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959, p. 449, repr., as Madame de Pompadour as the Venus of the Doves
  • 1961 Seymour
    Charles Seymour, Art Treasures for America. An Anthology of Paintings and Sculpture in the Samuel H. Kress Collection, London, Phaidon Press, 1961, p. 187, repr. pl. 177
  • 1965 NGA Washington
    Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965, p. 154, as Madame de Pompadour as the Venus of the Doves
  • 1968 NGA Washington
    European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968, p. 137, repr., as Madame de Pompadour as the Venus of the Doves
  • 1976 Middeldorf
    Ulrich Middeldorf, Sculptures from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: European Schools XIV-XIX Century, London, 1976, p. 109, repr. fig. 186-187
  • 1990 Sporre
    Dennis J. Sporre, Reality through the Arts. Edgewood Cliffs, NJ, 1990, p. 267, repr.
  • 1991 Bauer
    Hermann Bauer and Hans Sedlmayr, Rokoko: Struktur und Wesen einer europäischen Epoche, Köln, 1991, p. 28, repr.
  • 1993 Sporre
    Dennis J. Sporre, The Creative Impulse: An Introduction to the Arts. Edgewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1993, p. 359, repr. fig. 12.14
  • 1994 NGA Washington
    Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994, p. 82, repr.
  • 2005 Wildenstein
    The Arts of France from François Ier to Napoléon Ier. A Centennial Celebration of Wildenstein's Presence in New York, Exh. cat. Wildenstein & Co., Inc., New York, 2005, p. 65, fig. 88, 75 (not in the exhibition)

Exposition

  • 1973-1974 Washington/Chicago
    François Boucher in North American Collections: One Hundred Drawings, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Art Institute of Chicago, 1973-1974, unnumbered brochure titled François Boucher: Influence and Versatility
  • 1984 Miami
    In Quest of Excellence, Center for the Fine Arts, Miami, 1984
  • 1984-1985 New York
    Joseph Ternbach: Conservator - Collector, The Queens Museum, Flushing, New York, 1984-1985, n. 74

Commentaire



Curatorial file in NGA, 25 July 2011:
Falconet's "Madame de Pompadour as the Venus of the Doves" fully captures the erotic sensuality, delicacy, lively intelligence, and charm of the Rococo heritage. The unpretentious nudity indicates the complete comfort and naturalness the eighteen century found in love and affairs of the flesh. (J. Dennis Sporre, Reality through the Arts. Edgewood Cliffs, 1990, p. 267)

The group belongs to Falconet's middle period when his greatest patron was Madame de Pompadour. It can be dated after 1755-1757 when he carved his well-known "Amour menaçant" for her and either shortly before, or a little after, 1763, when he exhibited his Pygmalion and Galatea, a group which the present marble most resembles in style and quality. (Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, 1951, p. 254)