French Sculpture Census

crédits photo : ph. Art Institute of Chicago
© artiste : public domain

RODIN, Auguste
Paris 1840 - Meudon, Hauts-de-Seine 1917

Exécutant: Rudier, Alexis

Adam
Adam

modèle de 1881, fonte vers 1923
bronze fondu par Alexis Rudier, Paris

statue
198,1 x 73,7 ; base : 76.2 x 73.7
signé : RODIN

N° d'inv. : 1924.4
Credit Line : Gift of Robert Allerton, 1924.4

Chicago, Illinois, The Art Institute of Chicago

www.artic.edu/aic

Historique

  • 1923, commandé en mai
  • 1924, don de Robert Allerton

Bibliographie

  • Museum's website, September 6, 2013
  • 1993 Wood and Edelstein
    The Art Institute of Chicago. The Essential Guide, Selected by James N. Wood and Teri J. Edelstein, Seattle, Marquand Books, Inc., 1993, 2nd ed. 1994, p.103
  • 2007 Le Normand-Romain (français)
    Antoinette Le Normand-Romain, avec la collaboration d'Hélène Marraud et Diane Tytgat, introductions par Dr. Ruth Butler et Mr. Régis Cusinberche, Les Bronzes de Rodin. Catalogue des œuvres au Musée Rodin, 2 volumes, Paris, Musée Rodin / Editions de la Réunion des musées nationaux, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 114-119, Adam, 1881, cet exemplaire est cité p. 115 : "Chicago, Art Institute, don Robert Allerton, 1924 (commandé en mai 1923)"
  • 2007 Le Normand-Romain (English)
    Antoinette Le Normand-Romain, with the collaboration of Hélène Marraud and Diane Tytgat, introductions by Dr. Ruth Butler and Mr. Régis Cusinberche, The Bronzes of Rodin. Catalogue of works in the Musée Rodin, 2 volumes, English version, Paris, Musée Rodin / Editions de la Réunion des musées nationaux, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 114-119, Adam, 1881, this copy is mentioned p. 115: "gift of Robert Allerton, 1924 (commissioned in May 1923)"

Exposition

  • 1933 Chicago
    A Century of Progress. Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture Lent by American Collections, Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago, June 1-November 1, 1933, no. 1194

Commentaire



Museum's website, September 6, 2013:
Auguste Rodin’s powerfully expressive figure of Adam was originally intended to be paired with a sculpture of Eve, flanking a sculptured bronze portal commissioned by the French government for the Musée de Arts Décoratifs, Paris. For this monumental undertaking, which he entitled The Gates of Hell, Rodin turned to past Italian masters. Michelangelo’s Creation of Adam fresco on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome (1508–12) inspired the pose of Rodin’s subject. Rodin rotated Michelangelo’s reclining Adam and transferred the frescoed figure’s gesture of receiving life from God to the sculpture’s right arm. The exaggerated turn of Adam’s left arm comes from Michelangelo’s sculpture of the dead Christ in his Pietà (1548–55; Museo del Duomo, Florence). Rodin chose the portal’s theme from Dante’s fourteenth-century epic poem Inferno; here Adam’s agonized body strikingly conveys the sufferings caused by original sin. Although the museum building was never constructed and the portal was not completed as originally conceived, Rodin explored the expressive potential of the human body as few artists before him had dared. As independent statues, Adam and Eve are among the commission’s numerous progeny. Not until 1938 was the gate cast in bronze and placed at the entrance to the grounds of the Musée Rodin, Paris.
(Entry, Essential Guide, 2009, p. 219)