- 2001, transfert de la bibliothèque de l'Université de Yale, collection numismatique
- legs de la collection Charles Wyllys Betts (licence d’art obtenue à Yale University en 1867, maîtrise d’art obtenue à Yale University en 1871)
- Museum's website (accessed May 2017)
- 1885 Baker
William S. Baker, Medallic Portraits of Washington, 2nd, Robert M. Lindsay, Philadelphia, 1885, p. 30, no. 48
- 1894 Betts
Charles Wyllys Betts, American Colonial History Illustrated by Contemporary Medals, New York, Scott Stamp and Coin Company, 1894, reprint 1964, p. 244, no. 542
Princeton University Library website (accessed April 27, 2018):
Benjamin Duvivier (1728–1819). Washington before Boston, 1789. Bronze restrike, U. S. Mint, after 1884.
The retreat of British troops from Boston on March 5, 1776, was one of the first major American victories, and the Continental Congress voted a gold medal to Washington within that month as an expression of gratitude. Like other medals authorized for Revolutionary War heroes, the piece would be struck in France, the center of medallic artistry and technology. For this medal, a portrait was deemed necessary, and a long delay ensued as the sculptor Jean-Antoine Houdon (1741–1828) first traveled to America and then returned to Paris with a sculpted bust of Washington to be copied by the medal engraver. The project was initiated by Franklin and completed by Jefferson, who brought the gold medal back to America with him in 1789. Restrikes of the medal have been produced regularly at both the United States Mint and the Paris Mint.