French Sculpture Census

crédits photo : ph. Wikimedia/Smallbones
© artiste : public domain

MERCIÉ, Antonin
Toulouse, Haute-Garonne 1845 - Paris 1916

Monument à Francis Scott Key (1780-1843)
Francis Scott Key Monument (1780-1843)

1911
bronze, bronze doré (Columbia), marbre et granite

groupe
H. totale : env. 12,20 m.
sur le côté nord, juste sous la figure de Columbia : KEY
sur le côté sud, sous les colonnes : FRANCIS SCOTT KEY / 1780-1843 / PRESENTED TO THE CITY OF BALTIMORE BY / CHARLES L. MARBURG

Credit Line : Given by Charles L. Marburg

Baltimore, Maryland, Mount Vernon Place

Historique

  • (voir historique et description détaillée sur la version anglaise de ce site)
  • 1907, Charles L. Marburg donne 25 000 $ à son frère pour commander un monument en l'honneur de son poète favori, Francis Scott Key (1780-1843). Le monument illustre les circonstances de la composition de l'hymne national américain, The Star Spangled Banner [...].
  • A l'origine, la figure de Columbia, les deux reliefs étaient dorés.
  • 1911, à l'inauguration, le monument fut dévoilé par la petite-fille de Francis Scott Key. L'emplacement peu prominent du monument a été critiqué.

Bibliographie

  • Save Outdoor Sculpture! website, http://siris-collections.si.edu, 22 February 2016
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_public_art_in_Baltimore, accessed 22 February 2016
  • 1927 Baltimore News
    Baltimore News, November 17, 1927
  • 1929 Rusk
    William Sener Rusk, Art in Baltimore: Monuments and Memorials, Baltimore: Norman, Remington, 1929, pg. 52-53
  • 1942 and 1955 The Sun
    The Sun, Aug. 8, 1942 and Sept. 4, 1955
  • 1960 The Evening Sun
    The Evening Sun, Oct. 6, 1960, pg. 15
  • 1971 Hunter
    Wilbur Harvey Hunter, The Monumental City, The Rinehart School of Sculpture 75th Anniversary Catalogue 1896-1971, Baltimore, Maryland Institute College of Art, 1971, pg. 16-47
  • 1987 Naylor
    Henry and Caroline Naylor, Public Monuments & Sculpture of Baltimore: An Introduction to the Collection, 1987
  • 1989 Kotarba
    Kathleen Kotarba, The Baltimore Bronze Project, Baltimore: Baltimore City Commission for historical and Architectural Preservation, July 1989

Commentaire



SOS! website, 22 February 2016:
The monument depicts Francis Scott Key returning from the British ship on which he had been detained during the bombardment of Fort McHenry, and offering an allegorical figure of Columbia his poem, the Star Spangled Banner, destined to become the National anthem. At the base of the monument, in a large circular basin, a bronze figure of Francis Scott Key stands in the stern of a stone rowboat, his long overcoat draped over his proper left shoulder and his proper right hand raised. The stone rowboat rides the crest of a stone wave and seated in the bow is a bronze figure of a barefoot sailor manning the oars. Both Key and the sailor look up toward the top of the monument where there is a standing bronze female figure representing Columbia. She strides forward holding up the American flag on her proper left side. Beneath the figure of Columbia is a square pavilion with four Doric Columns. At the base of the columns is a small bowl resting on a low pedestal. Below the bowl is a square base that is adorned with two bronze reliefs. One relief depicts the bombardment of Fort McHenry and the other relief depicts the guns and ramparts of Fort McHenry.