French Sculpture Census

photo credit : Philadelphia Museum of Art
artist © : public domain

GRIS, Juan
Madrid, Spain 1887 - Paris, 1927

Arlequin
Harlequin

1917
carved and painted plaster

statuette
21 1/4 x 13 x 10

Acc. No. : 1952-61-45
Credit Line : A. E. Gallatin Collection, 1952

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia Museum of Art

www.philamuseum.org

Provenance

  • Paris, Galerie de L'Effort Moderne, Léonce Rosenberg
  • Paris, private collection
  • 1928, March 26, Paris, Hôtel Drouot, sale, lot 96 [1]
  • probably 1928 and certainly by 1931, Paris, with Galerie Simon (stock no. 10402, photo no. 5730), [2]
  • Summer 1934, New York, sold to A. E. Gallatin [3]
  • 1952, bequest to PMA
  • 1952, A. E. Gallatin Collection
  • Notes:
  • 1. Sale listed in Cooper, Juan Gris: catalogue raisonné, Paris, 1977, v. 2, p. 442-443, but not verified.
  • 2. Exhibited at the 1928 Galerie Simon Gris retrospective, no collection listed, so presumably it was purchased by Kahnweiler from the 1928 auction. The 1931 edition of Carl Einstein's Die Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts lists the owner as Galerie Simon. A Galerie Simon label was formerly on the bottom of sculpture (see note in curatorial file).
  • 3. See letters to Gallatin from Rosenberg, August 20, 1934 and Kahnweiler, August 17 and 20, 1934, concerning the provenance of the sculpture (Gallatin Papers, New York Historical Society, microfilm; copies in curatorial file).

Bibliography

  • Museum's website, 15 March 2015

Comment



Museum's website, 15 March 2015:
This standing figure is the only sculpture that Juan Gris ever made. The polychrome sculpture is balanced on a protruding wedge-shaped slab that reinforces the strong vertical axis and volume of the torso. The body was carefully constructed of curved and sharply angled forms whose proportions were built up according to the rules of the Golden Section; it was then painted in muted colors once the plaster had dried. In the autumn of 1917, Gris encountered technical problems with the work and completed it with the help of the Cubist sculptor Jacques Lipchitz, whom he had met and befriended the previous year.