- 1805, this bust was sculpted in Milan when the Empress Josephine accompanied Napoleon to that city for his coronation as the King of Italy
- Paris, Comte de Penha Longa
- 1911, 2 December, Paris, Galerie Georges Petit, Penha Longa sale, possibly sold to André J. Seligman
- possibly Paris, André J. Seligman
- possibly by inheritance to his son and daughter-in-law Germain and Ethlyne J. Seligman
- possibly Germain and Ethlyne J. Seligman
- 1978, upon his death, by inheritance to Ethlyne J. Seligman
- Ethlyne J. Seligman
- upon her death, held in trust by the estate
- 1994, Estate of Ethlyne J. Seligman, by bequest to the Cleveland Museum of Art
Several almost identical versions exist which may vary in the inscriptions and details of costume.
A related marble bust of Josephine is now in the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa.